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# Year 5

### We can work out which numbers less than 100 are prime numbers

#### What we are learning:

• Prime numbers are numbers that can only be divided by 1 and themselves without a remainder.
• The first prime number is therefore the number 1 itself.
• The next one is 2 because it can only be divided (without a remainder) by 1 and 2.
• The next one is 3 because it can only be divided by 1 and 3.
• The next ones are 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19……
• Apart from the number 2, all prime numbers are odd, but not all odd numbers are prime!

#### Activities you can do at home:

Explore all the prime numbers you can find together up to 100. Be careful to check that they are prime, and that nothing else will divide into them other than 1 and the number itself.

You need to know your tables to work out which numbers are prime!

Can you explain what a prime number is?
Is 5 a prime number? How do you know?
Can 15 be a prime number? Why not?

Cannot identify which numbers are prime
Take a low prime number, e.g. 13 and explore which other number will go into it without leaving a remainder. The answer will be 1 and 13. Now try 12, where you will find that 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 all go into it without leaving a remainder

Knows or can work out all the prime numbers to 100
Look for prime numbers over 100 together. How does your child set about finding them?